Review Sistematik: Identifikasi Bahaya Paparan Debu Silika pada Pekerja Tambang
Keywords:exposure, silica dust, mine workers
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis is an occupational systemic disease that generally manifests as diffuse pulmonary fibrosis caused by inhalation of long-term silica dust in the production process, silicosis is one of them. Purpose: This article aims to identify the dangers of silica dust exposure to mine workers. Method: This study uses several literature studies through systematic review obtained from 36 reference sources. Some inclusion criteria that have been used are health research or related research articles published in the 2009-2019 range and research articles that contain topics on the identification of hazards of exposure to silica dust to mine workers. Results: Literature review results explain that miners have a high risk of silicosis due to silica exposure. Inhalation of this dust poses a danger because of its high silica crystal content if it settles in the lungs and can cause silicosis. Discussion: Crystal silica has also been classified as a human carcinogen. Silica crystals entering the lungs through three potential exposure pathways are identified namely external irradiation, inhalation of granite dust, and radon exposure. silica dust from granite mining also suggests using a filter mask, because the mask can reduce the amount of dust up to twice as much. Conclusion: In conclusion, occupational exposure to silica dust causes serious lung disease that is silicosis which is irreversible and so far there has been no effective treatment. Effective precautions are needed to reduce the risk factors for silica dust exposure.
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